Where we work

Where we work

While Components 1 and 2 of the project will be of general relevance to Sulawesi’s PA system as a whole, Component 3 will focus specifically on three demonstration sites, where it will demonstrate and/or upscale approaches to threats removal and collaborative governance.

The target PAs were selected according to the following criteria: (i) biodiversity importance/global significance; (ii) existing PA support initiatives; (iii) opportunities for financing diversification, including application of REDD+ and other approaches, and (iv) potential for developing unique models for co-management and integration of PA system in local and provincial development and fiscal plans, by up-scaling the existing co-management arrangements.

The demonstration sites are:


The PA is the 2nd largest terrestrial national park in Sulawesi and contains a good representation of the island’s unique biota and harbours numerous rare species, including 77 birds species endemic to Sulawesi. 40 species of mammals have been recorded, 31 of which are endemic. Globally significant species include the mountain anoa, babirusa, two species of Tarsier, the Tonkean Macaque and two species of marsupial Cuscus, knobbed hornbill (rhyticeros cassidix), and Sulawesi hawk-eagle (spizaetus lanceolatus). The Park is listed by IUCN as a centre of Plant Diversity, by Birdlife International as an Endemic Bird Area, and by WWF as a Global 200 eco-region. The PA includes Important Bird Areas and was declared a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in 1978.


The PA is the largest terrestrial national park in Sulawesi and has 24 species of mammal, 125 species of bird, 11 species of reptile, 2 species of amphibian, 38 species of butterfly, 200 species of beetle and 19 species of fish. A species endemic to this Park is the Bone at (Bonea bidens). Cinnabar Hawk Owl (Ninoxios), which was only described scientifically in 1999 from a specimen collected from the park. Almost all of Sulawesi’s endemic mammals and birds are found within the PA. Important Maleo nesting sites.


The area is made up of several protected areas and surrounding landscape, including nature reserves, protection forests and recreation forests. The landscape is significant due to the support it provides for high densities of some of Sulawesi’s most iconic endemic species, including lowland anoa, maleo bird, tarsier, giant chivet and others, as well as nearly the entire world population of crested black macaque macaca nigra.